Bridging Three Worlds; Hungarian-Jewish Americans, 1848 – 1914
By Robert Pearlman
The University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, 1991
A Very Short History of Hungary
Jews and Magyars
The Quid pro Quo Arrangement
Religion, Languages, and Folklore
Migrating and Settling
The Big Migration
Small Town Diaspora
The Magyar Connection
The Jewish Bond
The American Door
Flickers and Reflections
When I began researching my Jewish roots I knew there was a lot I did not know. My Jewish grandfather died before I was born so I had no exposure the culture or religion. When Robert Friedman started doing the research for me traced my Gartner family back to Hungary I knew nothing about that country either.
I sent off an email to Robert, asking him to recommend something I could read so I could learn what life was like for the Gartners. One of the books he suggested was Bridging Three Worlds.
First the book gave me a short history of Hungary, where my great grandfather, Leopold Gartner and his family lived beginning about 1864. Then it painted a picture of the immigration process as it would have been about 1874 when Leopold came to New York City. The book taught me about Jewish settlements in Manhattan’s Lower East Side and the major occupations of those Hungarian-Jewish neighborhoods. Not having any family stories about this part of my family this book helped flesh out the details. I’m very glad to have this book.