Tuesday, May 4, 2021

Spotlight on: Clarence William Mark

My Great Uncle Clarence was a patient, soft spoken gentleman. He helped me immensely with my genealogy research. He answered my endless questions without complaint. He and Aunt Lavon showed warm hospitality when we visited them in Ohio. They are missed by many.

Clarence William Mark

30 May 1917 OH – 1 August 2006 OH

Son of Thomas K. Mark & N. Regina Gruissy

Husband of Lavon Eleanor Moyer

Brother of my paternal grandmother, Ivy Mark Brown

Mark Siblings: Ivy & Clarence, OH

Clarence, born 30 May 1917, was the sixth of the seven children of Thomas and Regina Mark.[1]  He grew up in Medina County, Ohio in the midst of a big extended family. At the age of eighteen he graduated from high school. It was 1935 and jobs were scarce. His brother Owen was in the Civilian Conservation Corps and was working in Yellowstone Park. Clarence joined too.[2]

            Clarence’s daughter, Glenda (Mark) Jordan wrote about this time in her father’s life. 

 

My father was sent to Zanesville, Ohio where the camp was set up at a golf course.  The men at his camp were to build dams out of clay for farmers to provide water for their cattle and use for emergencies. One such emergency arose during his work there and the men used the water to fight a barn fire at one of the farms they had been working on.  They carried the water in milk cans to pour into the pumper.  The barn was destroyed but they managed to save an adjoining building. In the fall the men also gathered seeds from trees such as Black Locust, Popular and Ash for the government nursery.

 

During their time of service, the men stayed in barracks with five or six men living in each.  They were paid thirty dollars a month for their work.  At the end of the month, twenty-five dollars was sent directly home to their families and the men each received five dollars.  At first this didn’t seem very fair but my father explained that the purpose of the CCC was to get the young men off the streets and give them something to do while providing money for their families.

 

My father spent a total of nine months in the CCC. When his time of service ended, he returned home and looked for work in local factories.  It was almost a year before he was hired in a valve factory in the spring of 1936.  He was paid forty cents an hour and worked there until he was laid off in 1939.

 

At this time he began working on a relief program maintaining the local park and tennis courts.  He was eligible for this program because his father had been disabled since an accident in 1930.  His father had received compensation from the state of Ohio but his benefits had recently terminated as he had received the maximum allowed.  It was another two years before an appeal would declare him permanently disabled and entitle him to receive benefits for the rest of his life. This resumption of benefits certainly helped to ease the burden on the rest of the family.

 

For a brief time my father also worked in the Works Project Administration. He worked with young people at the Methodist Ohio Christian Youth Festival.  This provided my father with opportunities for contact with college professors who had come to teach.  He had never considered college before as an option in his life but through these contacts he became interested and enrolled at Baldwin-Wallace in Cleveland, Ohio in 1940. His father gladly provided some of the money for college since my father had spent several years supporting the family.

 

With the growing inevitability of the U. S. involvement in WWII, the draft began that same year, 1940.  However, my father received a deferment because he was in college.  After two years of study at Baldwin-Wallace, he developed rheumatic fever which caused him to return home over the summer to recuperate.  By this time, the U. S. had declared war on Japan and my father’s draft number had come up.

 

When the war broke out in 1938, my father had already decided that in the event of war he would want to be a Conscientious Objector.  Before he could be granted that status an appeal board had to hear his case. This had to be delayed because of his illness.  After a one month extension the judge granted my father a 4-E status and he began service in the Civilian Public Service.

 

The CPS was administered by the Brethren, Mennonite, and Quaker churches and my father was allowed to choose which church he would like to work for. Because he had already known something of the other two, he chose the one which he was not familiar with, the Church of the Brethren.  I guess that is typical of my father.  He is always ready for a new experience.

 

My father was sent to the base camp at Marionville, PA where he spent the next four months maintaining the Allegheny forest.  Most of his duties were chopping wood, clearing fire ditches, and timber thinning.  He was paid two dollars and fifty cents per month by the church.

 

During my father’s stay at Marionville, personnel from a Connecticut mental hospital came asking for volunteers to go there to work.  Many doctors and nurses had been drafted leaving the hospital short of help. He decided to go because it would be a better opportunity to help people.  He describes it as very tiring work.  The volunteers were on call twenty-four hours a day. After two years he asked for a transfer to something different.

 

My father was then sent to a Medical School in New Haven Conn. where he took part in experiments to see how hepatitis spreads.  He was used basically as a “guinea pig” during these experiments. Fortunately he didn’t get sick. He remained at the school for nine months until he was transferred back to base camp.

 

In February of 1946 the government took over the base camp and transferred my father to Gatlinburg, Tennessee where he cleared trails through the mountains until his discharge in April of that same year.

 

From Gatlinburg my father hitchhiked to North Manchester, Indiana.  Because of his work in the CPS, the Church of the Brethren offered him four years free tuition at any of their colleges. He was so impressed with the church’s generosity and also their stance on pacifism and service to others that he wanted to be a good place to meet a woman of the same ideals and values.  He was right.  He and my mother married after their graduation from Manchester College.[3]

 

 

              Clarence’s niece, Genevieve (Brown) Wieland, also wrote about the war years.  She wrote, “Uncle Clarence had deeply felt religious convictions that led him to become a conscientious objector. He nearly lost his life in a hospital in Conn. when they experimented on him with drugs to find a cure for malaria.”  His sister, Wava wrote, “They tried to inject him with Diseases so they could try and cure it.  But he didn’t catch it.  So they made him a cook.”[4]

            Lavon E. (Moyer) Mark wrote about her romance with Clarence,

 

We met at Manchester College, Indiana.  He was back from CPS & I was finishing my college work that summer. We dated until Christmas and then broke up.  We both became engaged to someone else, but got back together again and were married on Thanksgiving of 1950.  We had 55 good years together.[5]



 

            On 23 November 1950 Clarence married Lavon E. (Moyer) Mark.  They were both teachers. Lavon wrote, “Clarence and I taught at the same school those 15 years that he taught before we retired. We rode back and forth together. I taught 31 years, mostly second grade.”  They had two daughters, Teresa A. (Mark) Fryman and Glenda (Mark) Jordan.[6]  

            A July 1993 trip to Ohio included a visit with Great Uncle Clarence and Aunt Lavon.  He shared family genealogy information and Aunt Lavon cooked a delightful lunch.  My children enjoyed the wooden swing in the backyard, built by Thomas K. Mark.  Adam had a pin collection and Aunt Lavon showed him her collection of over 1,000 pins and buttons.  In December 1993 Clarence wrote, “Today we are to go with our Harmonica Band to play for the Early Risers Club. We have pleasant memories of your visit and your beautiful children playing in our backyard.”[7]

            About 1996 Clarence and Lavon moved to a retirement home in Greenville, Ohio called the Brethren’s Home.  

            Clarence and Lavon celebrated their 50th Wedding Anniversary in 2000. There was a reception at the Greenville Church of the Brethren.  Clarence wrote, “This is a busy month for us as we plan for our 50th wedding anniversary. It is on the 23rd but we will have an open house at the church on the 26th.  Our daughters, Terri and Glenda and their children plan to come on Saturday and have supper with us here at the home.”[8]

            In May 2001 Clarence W. Mark wrote, 

 

Living in a retirement center is quite different. We moved to be close to Lavon’s parents. ... Our older daughter (Teresa) and her family still live here in town. She is an organist at the Presbyterian Church and a teacher’s aide in the high school music department. Her husband Jim still works for the state care for handicapped.  The older boy Darrell is living here too - has a job in some kind of computers. Andrew is a senior next year at Faith Christian School. Glenda our second daughter lives in Rochester, Indiana. Works at the Public Library that has a children department.  She plans stories and activities for the young children.  We try to keep busy with volunteer work and hope to travel more now but gas prices slow us down.  I am weaving rugs from old denim jeans. Lavon gets called on for music on the piano. We both play in the Darke County Harmonica Band. We play at nursing homes and church or social groups for donations which we give to Hospice.[9]

 

            In December 2002 Clarence wrote, “We both sing and Lavon plays piano for our choir.  We will have our Christmas program today.  On Christmas we will have our daughter Terri and her family here to eat with us in the dining hall.  We get out every couple months to visit Glenda and hers in Rochester, Indiana.”[10]

            In October 2004 Wava (Mark) Braun wrote, “My brother Clarence and Lavon live in a Nursing Home run by their church in Greenville, Ohio. He had a fall and broke his hip. They think he has had mini strokes.”[11]  In 2005 she wrote, “Clarence not well.  Had a Broken Hip.  Lavon says he doesn’t talk much.  They are giving him therapy hoping to get him to walk better.  Ann and I went to see them twice but it is a long trip.”[12]

            Lavon wrote in January 2005, “Clarence fell and broke his hip. Two weeks later I stumbled over his wheelchair footrests and broke my hip. We were both in the Medical section of this home, but I was able to come back to my room ... Clarence sits in a wheelchair and doesn’t walk and sleeps a lot of the time ... So life has changed for us, but we still have much to be thankful for.  I don’t get away much, but I try to keep up with my playing for the choir here.”[13]

            The following year Clarence W. Mark died. An Ohio newspaper clipping had an obituary,  

 

Clarence W. Mark, 89, of Greenville, Ohio, passed away Tuesday, Aug. 1, 2006, at the Brethren Home of Greenville.  He was born May 30, 1917, in Medina County, to Thomas K. and Regina V. (nee Gruissy) Mark.  Mr. Mark was a member of Greenville Church of the Brethren, Darke County Harmonica Band and Darke County Retired Teachers Association. He attended Baldwin-Wallace College in Berea, receiving his Bachelor of Science degree from Manchester College and his master’s degree from Ball State University.  He was a retired fifth-grade teacher at North Miami Community Schools of Denver, Ind., having taught there for 15 years.  He also owned a tailoring and pressing shop in Indiana.  He is survived by his wife, Lavon (Moyer) Mark of Greenville, whom he married Nov. 23, 1950; daughters, Terri (Jim) Fryman of Greenville and Glenda Jordan of Rochester, Ind., grandchildren, Darrell (Gina) Fryman, Andrew Fryman, and Justin and Jessica Jordan; sister, Wava Braun of Seville; and numerous nieces and nephews.  He was preceded in death by his parents; sisters, Isabel Nee, Vera Ballard, Ivy Brown and Viola Nothstein; and brother, Owen Mark.  Memorial service: 2 p.m. Friday at the Brethren Home Chapel of Greenville.  The Rev. Todd Reish will officiate.  Burial: Greenville Cemetery at the convenience of the family.  Visiting hours:  One hour prior to the memorial service Friday at the Chapel.  Memorial contributions may be made to the Brethren Home for Residents’ Fund or Hospice of Drake County.  Zechar Bailey Funeral Home in Greenville and Armstrong-Waite Funeral Home in Seville are handling the arrangements.[14]  

 

            Lavon died 11 September 2007.Her daughter, Teri wrote, “She had been in declining health over the last 6 months and then went through a week long ICU & 2 week hosp. stay.  We were able to get her back to the retirement community in Greenville for 4 days before her death.” [15]



The above story of Clarence was taken from my book,

The Mark Family Story.

 



[1]Certificate of Birth for Mark, 30 May 1917, Registered District No. 827, Registered No. 53M, State of Ohio, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Medina County Health Department, 4800 Ledgewood Drive, Medina, Ohio. Note: No first name given.

[2]“Interview with Clarence Mark.” 

[3]“American History Report, 1965 – Present”, Spring 1993 by Glenda (Mark) Jordan for Manchester College.

[4]Letter from Wava (Mark) Braun (9846 Lee Road, Seville, Ohio) to author July 2005. 

[5]Letter from Lavon Mark (750 Chestnut Street, Greenville, Ohio) to author, 17 August 2006.

[6]Ibid.

[7]Letter from Clarence Mark (1346 Jackson Street, Greenville, Ohio) to author, December 1993.

[8]Letter from Clarence Mark (750 Chestnut Street, Greenville, Ohio) to author, 1 November 2000.

[9]Letter from Clarence W. Mark (750 Chestnut Street, Greenville, Ohio) to author, 25 May 2001.

[10]Letter from Clarence W. Mark (750 Chestnut Street, Greenville, Ohio) to author, December 2002.

[11]Letter from Wava (Mark) Braun (9846 Lee Road, Seville, Ohio) to author October 2004.

[12]Letter from Wava (Mark) Braun (9846 Lee Road, Seville, Ohio) to author, July 2005. 

[13]Letter from Lavon Mark (750 Chestnut Street, Greenville, Ohio) to author, January 2005.

[14]"Clarence W. Mark." Medina County Gazette9 August 2006.

[15]Letter from Terri (Mark) Fryman (105 S Broadway St., Greenville, Ohio 45331) to author 15 September 2007.


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Saturday, May 1, 2021

Forget Me Not: Myrtis Fortenberry Dodds, Born in a Hurricane


Myrtis Jane had been born during a terrible hurricane. The roof of the house was blown off; the bed her mother was lying in was broken but the "babe" was uninjured. She clearly went on to live a long life. Read the related post (below) for the details on the hurricane.
Myrtis has a connection to my heart as we were both teachers. I'm sure she touched the hearts of many children and their families.


Myrtis Jane Elizabeth Fortenberry Dodds

12 April 1882 MS – 7 June 1959 MS
Daughter of William Jackson Fortenberry & 
Canolia A. Simmons
Wife of A. M. Dodds





Mrs. Myrtis F. Dodds Dies at Meadville


Funeral services for Mrs. Myrtis Fortenberry Dodds, 77, were held at 2 p. m. Monday in Meadville. The Rev. B. T. Bishop, the Rev. Otis Jones, and the Rev. Mr. Davis were in charge. 

Mrs. Dodds died at her home near Meadville Sunday after a lengthy illness. Burial was in the Silver Springs Church cemetery in Pike County.

She was a daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. W. Jack Fortenberry, and was reared in the Silver Springs church community. She married Dr. A. M. Dodds, a prominent physician in Franklin County for many years.

Mrs. Dodds spent many years of her life as a teacher, and was active also in church and community affairs. 

She leaves one daughter, Mrs. Aaron Myrt Hemphill, Meadville; one brother, Glenn Fortenberry, Progress; one sister, Mrs. Wanzie Tuttle, Tenn.; two grandsons and a great- granddaughter. 




Source: Mrs. Myrtis F. Dodds Dies at Meadville. (McComb, MS: Enterprise-Journal, 9 Jun 1959) 8; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed June 2020).

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Wednesday, April 28, 2021

Wedding: Fortenberry – Pritchett, 1932 MS

This little wedding announcement leads to many questions. Only basic information is included. Who were the parents of the groom? When were they married? Because this was published in early January 1932 I wonder if they were married in late 1931. It would be nice to learn more about the happy couple.

 

Laura Mae Fortenberry Pritchett


25 March 1905 MS - 12 Jan 2001 MS

Daughter of James Calvin Fortenberry & Ella Blackwell


&


John Cary Pritchett

1904 AL - 1966




Married. Miss Laura Mae Fortenberry and J. C. Pritchett of New Orleans were married in the home of the bride’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fortenberry, the Rev. T. W. Green, conducting the ceremony.

 

 

Source: Married. (McComb, MS: Semi – Weekly Journal, 2 Jan 1932) 4; digital image, Newspapers.com: March 2021.

Sunday, April 25, 2021

Forget Me Not: Lucy Pope Fortenberry, 1931 MS

I always want more from an obituary. This tells us Lucy was the mother of 11 children but only 8 are named. Did the others die before her or were their names just forgotten here? This article says she was the daughter of a pioneer family. They must be important in the history of southern MS. Why not include the names of her parents? 

Lucy (Pope) Fortenberry

c 1854 – 1931 MS

Wife of Merida A. Fortenberry
Wife of my 1st cousin, 4x removed


Prominent Resident of Marion is Buried


Columbia, June 23 – Mrs. Lucy Fortenberry, aged 77 years, widow of the late Merida A. Fortenberry, who died late Sunday at the home of her son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. I. C. Applewhite on West avenue, this city, was buried Monday at Cedar Grove Baptist Church five miles north of Columbia, where her membership was held for many years.

Mrs. Fortenberry, before her marriage, was Miss Lucy Pope, a daughter of one of South Mississippi’s pioneer families, and was the mother of eleven children, as follows:

Two sons, Dr. Ratliff A. Fortenberry and
Henry Fortenberry of Columbia;
And six daughters,
Mrs. E. R. Applewhite,
Mrs. W. B. Barnes,
Mrs. Chas. Newson,
Mrs. I. C. Applewhite and
Mrs. Arthur Brown of Wiggins.

The funeral service was held at Cedar Grove church, the Rev. W. E. Farr, a former pastor of the deceased, of Prentiss officiating.

Source: Prominent Resident of Marion is Buried (Jackson, MS: Clarion-Ledger, 24 June 1931) 7; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed August 2020.




Wednesday, April 21, 2021

Birthday Celebration for Mary Jane Alford Fortenberry, 1950 MS

I wish this newspaper article mentioned the date of Mary Jane's birthday. I know she was born in April but I don't know the day. She had a lot of guests to help her celebrate. I wonder what they served for dinner. I am always trying to learn more.

 

 

Mary Jane (Alford) Fortenberry


Born April 1868 MS - 1957

Daughter of Julius Newton Alford & Mary Margaret Brumfield

Wife of Pedro M. Fortenberry

 

My 1st cousin, 3 x removed




Progress News.

 

Mrs. Mary Jane Fortenberry, wife of the late Pedro Fortenberry, was honored Sunday with a birthday dinner on her 82nd birthday. The dinner was held in the home of her niece, Mrs. Vernon Schilling.

 

Those enjoying the day were the following nieces and nephews:

 

Rev. Albert Terrell

 

Mrs. Willie Terrell and son

 

And Mrs. Solomon Reeves of McComb

 

And Mrs. Lee Terrell and children of Progress,

 

Mrs. Bessie Lee Siler,

 

Miss Hazel Siler,

 

Mrs. Audrey Smith,

 

Huelene and Ronald Smith,

 

Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Schilling, all of Silver Springs,

 

Mr. and Mrs. Millard Schilling, and three children of Mt. Herman, La.

 

Friends present were:

 

Mr. and Mrs. L. Q. Fortenberry, [Lemuel Q. Fortenberry & Lillian Ellzey]

 

Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Fortenberry, [possibly Grover Cleveland Fortenberry] 

 

Mr. and Mrs. Earl Fortenberry and daughter,

 

Mr. and Mrs. Clay Schilling and son and

 

Rev. and Mrs. Clyde P. Jones and daughter.

 

 

Source: Progress News. (McComb, MS: Enterprise – Journal, 4 May 1950) 7; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed March 2021.




Thursday, April 15, 2021

Spotlight on: Owen Andrew Mark


Owen Andrew Mark

24 May 1915 OH - 12 Oct 1993 OH

Son of Thomas K. Mark & N. Regina Gruissy

Husband of Blanche Adele Bowers

Father of twins, Denny & Danny

Brother of my paternal grandmother, Ivy Mark Brown; my great uncle


Siblings: Ivy (Mark) Brown, Owen A. Mark & Wava (Mark) Braun in Ohio
Photo taken by my father, Delbert Keith Brown


Thomas and Regina Mark had four daughters before their first son, Owen, was born on 24 May 1915.[1]  Later another son and daughter were born to the family for a total of five daughters and two sons. Owen married Blanche A. (Bowers) MarkHe served in the Army in World War Two. Prior to enlistment he had finished four years of high school. He was married and working as a blacksmith.[2]His sister, Wava, wrote, 

Owen was in the army, a Sergeant first class in World War II. He was in Germany, France and Belgium. In March 1943 he was at Camp Perry, Ohio. He was in Transport Company 284 and Honorably Discharged January 13, 1946. He had several medals.[3]

            Owen wrote to his sister, Ivy (Mark) Brown while he was in the service. In one letter he congratulates his sister on the birth of her seventh child, William born May 1944.

 

Received your letter. Was a bit surprised to hear you had a 10 lb. Boy. You certainly have a nice family. You have a Basket Ball Team of Boys all your own. Kids are nice to have on hand when you are older I guess. Never thought much about it…. Remember the fun we had as Kids? I was a mean Brat! But you never told on me Like the other girls when Bill and I would get into a fight or something. I still can’t remember or picture you as a silver haired lady. I like to Remember you as I remember you I guess, blond, blue eyes, always seeing the funny side. I figure on seeing you all and those Beautiful Catskills and rivers (They say). I am just gonna sit in the Sun and see who can spit the farthest. The way I feel now, I’d make a perfect Bum. How’s Roy? Never hear about him. Wish I had a bottle of whiskey like he used to get. Well keep your chin up and I Hope you’re feeling Great, Owen.[4]

 

            He wrote to Ivy again in January 1945.

 

Received your letter of Aug, 23/44 recently. It must have taken one heck of a time to get out of those Rip Van Winkle Hills. Glad you and Isabell had a Good visit. I frankly was worried about you. I heard some rumors you were ill and so was Billie. Hope you’re doing fine. Guess Billy is on his first Legs by now. …I am fine and living good. But want to see the states. I kinda like to see you all and the hills when I can. Will win the war on this side one of these Days. I got it all figured. It will be sudden and surprise most of people when we do. For Heavens sake look at my address. The last few times and your Box went to a very old address. I have had 3 APO’s since the address you had. But write if it’s in care of RFD. Your box was very welcome and I thank the Brownies for it. I write to Harold every week but haven’t got together yet. I wonder what’s gonna happen when we come home. Things aren’t gonna be smooth. How’s Clarence? I wish he had got in medics here rather than in the hospital in the states. But he is safe anyway. That’s a lot. Well must close and Love to you all – Owen.[5]

 

Owen’s neice, Genevieve (Brown) Wieland wrote, “Uncle Owen fought with General Patton’s troops in Africa during World War II and was with Patton in Paris at the end of the war.”[6]

During World War Two the Wadsworth community supported the one thousand forty – four men who served their country. The county history books include the name of Owen Andrew Mark in lists of men who served. The community purchased War Bonds, contributed to U. S. O. drives and helped with Red Cross projects. In August 1945 the people of Wadsworth turned out in great numbers in the town’s square to celebrate when peace was achieved.[7]

 

Spontaneous and impromptu demonstrations by segments of the milling crowd, which converged downtown within minutes of the President’s message, were hysterically happy expressions that the long strain was ended. Factory whistles, the fire siren, automobile horns, bells and noisemakers of all kinds provided deafening sound effects to the heart – thrilling spectacle.[8]

Owen was a machinist for Ohio Injector for 40 years. After he retired he was a truck farmer. Owen’s wife, Blanche, worked in a match factory while he was in the service. After he returned they had twin sons: Danny A. Mark and Denny B. MarkOwen and Blanche divorced 25 July 1949.  Blanche and the twins moved to California.Owen had little contact with his sons after their move. He did go out to California fortheir high school graduation. Tragically, Danny was killed in a motorcycle accident 15 September 1974 in California.[9]  

Owen visited Dennya couple times in CaliforniaIn the 1990’s Denny lived with his mother. She was ill and he took care of her.  Denny continues to live in California.[10]

            I sawOwen in July 1993 at the home of Alvin and Wava (Mark) Braun.  At that time he was being treated for cancer. He was getting around by using a cane. He was very friendly. Owen Andrew Mark died from cancer on 12 October 1993.[11]He was cremated and his ashes scattered over his 14-acre farm at 1630 River Styx Road, Medina, Ohio. His brother, Clarence, and sister, Wava, were present. His son, Denny, was unable to travel from California.  



Owen Andrew Mark on his Ohio Farm
Photo taken by my father, Delbert Keith Brown


 Owen’s obituary said,


Owen Andrew Mark, 78, of Medina, died Tuesday, Oct. 12, 1993, at Wadsworth - Rittman Hospital. Mr. Mark was born May 24, 1915, in Wadsworth. He was a life member of Wadsworth V. F. W. post 170 and Wadsworth F. O. E. 2117. Mr. Mark was retired from Con - Val Co., where he had worked for 41 years. He was a World War II Army veteran. Mr. Mark is survived by his son, Denny of Perris, Calif.; brother, Clarence of Greenville, Ohio; sisters, Vera Ballard of Lakeland, Fla., Ivy Brown of Kinderhook, N. Y., Viola Noestein [sic]of Port Orange, Fla., and Wava Braun of Seville; and three grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his sister, Isabella Ream; and son, Danny. There will be no services. The Hahn Funeral Home in Barbersville is in charge of all arrangements. The family suggests memorial donations may be made to the American Cancer Society.[12]


 



The above story of Owen was taken from my book,

The Mark Family Story.







[1]Certificate of Birth for Owen Andrew Mark, 24 May 1915, Registration Dist. # 828,Primary Registration Dist.#2869, Registered # 49, State of Ohio, Bureau of Vital Statistics.

[2]National Archives and Records Administration. U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005

[3]Letter from Wava (Mark) Braun (9846 Lee Road, Seville, Ohio) to author, July 2005.

[4]Letter from Owen Mark (993 H. A. M. Co., A. P. O. 350, c/o Post Master, NY, NY) to Ivy (Mark) Brown (New York State).

[5]Letter from Sgt. Owen Mark (993 H. A. M. Co., A. P. O. 228, c/o Post Master, NY, NY) to Ivy (Mark) Brown (New York State), 13 Jan 1945.

[6]Letter from Genevieve (Brown) Wieland (14 Vandenburg Lane, Latham NY) to author, August 2005.

[7]The Medina County Historical Society, . History of Medina County. Fostoria, Ohio: The Gray Printing Company, 1948.

[8]Ibid.

[9]Interview with Denny B. Mark; phone calls with author on 1994 & 1997.

[10]Ibid.

[11]Certificate of Death for Owen Andrew Mark, 12 October 1993, Certificate #087372, State of Ohio, Department of Health.

[12]"Owen A. Mark." Medina County Gazette August 15, 1993: 2A. From Medina County Library, 210 S Broadway Street, Medina, Ohio.