Monday, December 22, 2014

52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks; Week 51; Johan Jonas Wolf

This prompt comes from Amy Johnson Crow at her blog, No Story Too Small. I began with my grandparents and am working my way back in time through the generations of my direct ancestors. Now I am writing about my 5x great grandparents.



This post is extracted from my book, The Mark Family Story; The Story of the Mark and Other Related Families: Brown, Dick, Gruissy, Heffelfinger, Keck, Ritter & Wolf.


Johann Jonas Wolf
27 December 1739 PA – 21 September 1787 PA
My 5x Great Grandfather

Johann Jonas Wolf, born in Pennsylvania, was the youngest child of Johan Jacob and Anna Barbara (Orth) Wolf. He married Appollonia (Dick) Wolf. Appollonia had been born at sea when her parents emigrated from Germany to America.[1] They lived in York County, Pennsylvania.[2]
Johann Jonas Wolf was a Second Lieutenant during the American Revolutionary War.[3], [4] At that time Adams County was still a part of York County. Although news was slow to arrive in this remote area the people were in support of the steps towards separation from the British Empire. As early as 1760 discontent was openly spoken of at public meetings. In April 1775 they raised money to send to the people of Boston. On 1 July 1775 the first company of soldiers marched from Pennsylvania to Boston. Companies and regiments of soldiers were formed. In 1777 Congress fled from Philadelphia to safety in Lancaster. After a brief stay they fled again. This time they settled in York where they remained for nine months. In 1778 the number of men from York County in the militia was 4,621.[5]
In 1778 Johann Jonas Wolf was in the Sixth Battalion, Fifth Company with Peter Ickes as his Captain and John Mullin as the First Lieutenant. Jonas was the Second Lieutenant.[6] In 1779 he was in the Seventh Battalion, Eighth Company. Peter Ickes was still his Captain. Now Jonas was the First Lieutenant.[7],[8] He was

“…in a detachment of the York County Militia under command of Captain John Wampler, in actual service guarding prisoners of war at Camp Security in York County, D 7, 1781 – F 7, 1782.”[9]
          Camp Security was a Prisoner of War Camp, just east of the City of York. It housed over one thousand British and Canadian prisoners of war between the summer of 1781 and the spring of 1783. Many of these were from the surrender of General John Burgoyne to General Gates at Saratoga, New York, on October 18, 1777.
The site of the Revolutionary prison camp was north of the York and East Prospect Road in the Northeastern part of Windsor Township. For three – fourths of a century it had been owned by Jacob Holtzinger. The prison, ‘pen’ as it had been called, was built in the form of a circle. Posts, fifteen feet in length, were erected in close proximity, so that the entire prison resembled an Indian fort; within the enclosures prisoners built huts. The County Militia guarded the camp for several years until the fall of 1782, when a congressional regiment was sent to guard the prisoners in York, Lancaster and Berks Counties.[10]

During the American Revolutionary War the Germans in Pennsylvania were strong supporters of the war. Men like Johann Jonas Wolf fought to repel the British troops. Many more families helped the fighting men by providing horses, wagons and food. The Pennsylvania counties were the most prosperous agricultural areas at that time. Even the non-combatant Mennonites never denied requests for provisions. Lancaster, York, Berks and Northampton Counties led the way in supplying the fighting troops.[11]
In 1778 Johann Jonas Wolf  was the over seer of the poor for Berwick Township.[12]
Miller and Pencak describe the average farm in late Colonial Pennsylvania. The average farm was 125 acres.
There were seven head of cattle, three or four horses, eight pigs, ten sheep, some chickens, and a hive or two of bees. Fifty-three acres were under plow, in hay meadows, or in orchards. Another twenty acres were pastureland. Three acres were devoted to the house, barns, springhouse, and corncribs, while the remainder was woodlot, providing lumber, fuel, and foraging for cattle and pigs. The family, often with the assistance of a slave, servant, tenant family, or hired help, harvested 300 bushels of grains, dressed 450 pounds of pork and beef, made cheese, butter, beer, and grew vegetables, fruit, flax, and tobacco every year.[13]
Miller and Pencak continue to describe the average farm’s products and its purchases.
This average farm family sold about 55 bushels of wheat, 200 pounds of meat, plus flaxseed, hay, and other products and purchased cloth, shoes, hats, salt and spices, almanacs, Bibles and prayer books, hardware, tools, and more.[14]
Following the war, York County fell on hard times.
The winter of 1783 is known as the “hard winter,” during which everything froze, causing an entire failure of crops the following year. A contagious disease breaking out among the cattle, carried hundreds away. The people, generally, were in distressing circumstances. Collectors of taxes were unable to make their collections, … For a number of years after the war, times were hard, on account of the great depreciation of Continental money, and the waste of life and property during the long struggle.[15]
The Wolf family belonged to the Emmanuel Reformed Church, Abbottstown.
Jonas Wolf was the ancestor of the Wolf family that took an active part in the affairs of the church for more than one hundred fifty years. Frederick Wolf, d. 1803, was a highly respected citizen of the Township, as is evidenced by an uninterrupted period of civil service covering a period of seventeen years.[16]
 Johann Jonas Wolf died In September 1787 in Berwick Township. An inventory was made of his “Estate, Goods, Chattles, Rights and Credits”. The extensive listing included “The Dwelling Plantation, Consisting of 83 Acres and Allowances of Land, Another Plantation and tract of land Consisting of 120 acres, more or less.” Reading through the inventory gives a clear view of life in 1787, the time of his death.

A Sermon Book; Two Hymn Books; 2 Old Spelling Books, and Primer; Great – Coat; Four Coat, Jacket, Breeches and Hat; 4 pair of Trouzers [sic], & 1 pair of Leggins; 2 Shirts, and one pair of stockings; 1 pair of old boots, 1 pair of Shoes, Buckles; A watch and 3 old Shirts; A wagon; A Plough and Irons; 2 black horses; A Sorrel; A Black Mare; A Colt; A brindled Cow; A Spotted Heiffer [sic]; A brown Steer; A red Steer; A black Heiffer; 3 Heiffer Calves; 2 other Calves; 17 head of Sheep; A Wind Mill; A Waggon Cloath [sic]; A Cutting Box and Knife; The Geers [sic] and Stones of an Oil Mill; A Quantity of Wheat at 4/6 Bushels; A Quantity of Rye at 2/9 Bushels; A Quantity of Oats at 1/6 Bushels; Hay; 2 Dung forks, and hook; A hay – fork, 2 Rakes and 2 flails; 2 old casks and trough; A Quantity of Flax, unthreashed; A Quantity of Hemp, unwatered; 5 Cow Chains; A Pair of Hay – Ladders; 8 Planks; An Old Wheel – barrow; A Log – Chain; One Still – Door; A Harrow; Stretch Chains; A Sleigh; A sled; 4 Hogs; 2 Shovels; A grindstone; A pair of Hobbles; A Man Saddle, and Saddlebags; An old Saddle, and Saddlebags; A stallion chain; 2 Augers; A pair of Pincers, Chizzel [sic], Gouge, and Spike; A half – Bushel; A hand saw, and draw knife; Two pieces of Iron & a door hinge; A whip; A Cake – Iron; An old Sythe [sic] & piece of Gin Barrel; A Pot Trammel; A quilling – Wheel and Swifts; A Sythe [sic] and Craddle [sic]; 2 Spinning Wheels; A warping Bar, Wouk, and 22 spools; A weavers Loom; Reeds and Geers [sic]; 2 Gums with some Salts; A covered Straw Basket and dried apples; An old cask with some Sope [sic] and Fat; Riddles & Straw; An Old cask with some Lime; 2 Baskets and old Iron; A Bag with feathers; A pruning saw and Whip Stalk; Some Onions and old Sive [sic]; An empty Hogshead with straw cover; 2 straw baskets and some beans; A flour Barrel; An Axe and three rakes; A big Wheel, Reel and Swifts; A hair – sifter and Rope; A Dough Trough; A Side – saddle and Bridle; A pair of Steel yards; 9 Bags; A Chest and Box; A bed and Bedstead; 2 Razors 7 Strap; Table Clothes; An old Half Bushel and 7 Bread Baskets; A table; A Looking Glass; A Cupboard; Wool; Woolen Yarn; A Stone Jug; 2 little Tubs; 3 Pails; An Iron Pot; 2 pewter Basins,  4 Plates, 7 spoons & 8 Tea spoons; Tea tin, Coffee pot, Funnel, 1 Quart, 2 Pint & half pint cups; 5 Delf [sic] Plates; 10 pairs of cups & saucers, 2 tea pots, and a Sugar Pot; A glass and earthen bowl & salt Box; 1 lamp and Candlestick; A Coffee – Mill & Spice Box; 2 Bottles; 6 Knives and 10 Forks; A Kitchen Dresser; A Shelf[17]


          Appollonia (Dick) Wolf died about 1790. On 19 August 1790 another inventory was taken, this time of Appollonia’s Estate. Many of the same items were listed. The following were some possessions unique to Appollonia (Dick) Wolf:


A Bed Case; 3 Callico [sic] Gowns; 3 lintsey [sic] Gowns and a long Gown; a Woman’s Cloke [sic]; 8 lintsey [sic] petticoats; one silk hankercheif [sic]; a pair stocking and a pair of Mitten; 2 knifes, 2 forks, 3 cups and one apron; one bowl and a candlestick; blue and white woolen yarn; 3 yards of flax linen; 14 yards of ton linen; hand sope [sic]; a feather bed and two blankets; a pair of spectacles; a pine Chest; a wallet and a little bag[18]

The final resting place of Johann Jonas and Appolonia (Dick) Wolf has yet to be discovered.

1 Johann Jonas Wolf b: 27 Dec 1739 Lebanon, PA, d: 21 Sep 1787 Abbottstown, York, PA
.. + Appollonia Dick b: 14 Aug 1738 at Sea, m: 1761, d: Abt. 1791 PA

....2 Jacob Wolf b: 05 Jun 1762 York, PA, d: 31 Mar 1810 York, PA
.... + Cornelia Knight b: 27 Oct 1765, d: 6 Oct 1806
......3 Margaret Wolf b: 1803
...... + John Straw m: 1830
....2 Appollonia Wolf b: 31 Dec 1763 York, PA, d: Aft. 1787
....2 John Wolf b: 18 Sep 1767 York, PA, d: 28 Aug 1851 Hamilton, Adams, PA
....2 Catherine Wolf b: 21 Nov 1770 York, PA, d: Aft. 1787
.... + Henry Becker
....2 Adam Wolf b: 12 Feb 1773 York, PA, d: 13 Mar 1865
.... + Eva b: 1771, d: 1839
......3 Jonas Wolf b: 23 Jul 1794 Abbottstown, Adams, PA, d: Unknown
......3 Maria Wolf b: 26 Sep 1796, d: 24 Nov 1873 Abbottstown, Adams, PA
......3 Jacob Wolf b: 19 Apr 1798 in Abbottstown, Adams, Pennsylvania, USA, d: Unknown
......3 John Wolf b: 24 Jan 1802
......3 Elizabeth Wolf b: 19 Mar 1804
......3 Adam Wolf b: 05 Dec 1810
....2 Johan Jonas Wolf b: 8 Feb 1775 Abbottstown, Adams, PA, d: Unknown
....2 Christianna Wolf b: 16 Nov 1776 York, PA, d: Unknown
....2 John Frederick Wolf b: 30 Jun 1779 Berwick Twp, York Co., PA, d: 25 Apr 1872 York Springs, Adams, PA
.... + Esther Barbara Shaffer b: 29 Dec 1777 PA, m: 8 Apr 1800, d: 16 Oct 1866 York Springs, Adams, PA
......3 John Adam Wolf b: 28 Aug 1800 Berwick, Adams, PA, d: 14 Aug 1825 Adams, PA
......3 Louisa Wolf b: 14 Aug 1802 in Berwick, Adams, PA, d: Unknown
...... + Hanes
......3 Frederick Wolf b: 9 Sep 1804 Berwick, Adams, PA, d: 29 Oct 1891 Adams, PA
...... + Louisa C Goetz m: 13 Feb 1825 PA, d: 3 Oct 1861
......3 Jacob Wolf b: 21 Dec 1806 Berwick, Adams, PA, d: 11 Jun 1891 Anderson, KS
...... + Matilda Kinert
......3 John Franklin Wolf b: 11 Apr 1809 Berwick, Adams, PA, d: 10 Mar 1883 Hinckley, Medina, OH
...... + Elisabeth Burkholder b: 24 May 1814 York, PA, d: 22 Jun 1856 OH
...... + Caroline Orwig b: Abt. 1820, m: 6 Nov 1856 Wayne, OH, d: 1888
......3 John Jonas Wolf b: 29 Jun 1811 Adams, PA, d: 16 Feb 1895 York Springs, Adams, PA
...... + Sarah Ann Chronister b: 14 Apr 1824, d: 1891
......3 Esther Barbara Wolf b: 27 Jan 1814 Adams, PA, d: 12 Dec 1903 Adams, PA
...... + Isaac Meyers
......3 Ninetta Wolf b: 18 May 1817 Adams, PA, d: 18 Jul 1890 New Chester, Adams, PA
...... + George H Spangler
......3 Henry H Wolf b: 20 Nov 1820 Adams, PA, d: 1860
...... + Maria Magdalena d: 1852
......3 William Wolf b: 20 Apr 1824 Abbottstown, Adams, PA, d: 2 Apr 1888 Conway Springs, Sumner, KS
...... + Sarah Jane Wilson
....2 Maria Elizabeth Wolf b: 27 Jun 1782 York, PA, d: Unknown
....2 Andrew Wolf b: 18 Mar 1787 York, PA, d: 28 Apr 1867 Berwick, York, PA
.... + Catherine Dick b: 1795, m: 1829
......3 Christian Wolf b: 7 Apr 1819, d: 12 Jan 1880
......3 Andrew Alexander Wolf b: 31 Jan 1821, d: 24 Oct 1885
......3 George Wolf b: 14 Aug 1823
......3 Josiah Wolf b: 1828, d: 1 Sep 1874
......3 Jeremiah Wolf b: 22 Aug 1829 Berwick, York, PA, d: 27 Feb 1877 Abbottstown, Adams, PA
...... + Eliza Ann Reigle d: 7 Sep 1906
......3 Richard Wolf b: 7 Jul 1831
......3 Benjamin Franklin Wolf b: 16 Feb 1833
......3 Jonas Wolf b: 6 Aug 1836
......3 Anna Maria Catherine Wolf b: 09 Mar 1839
......3 Adam Wolf b: 9 Mar 1839, d: 29 Nov 1924
...... + Elenora
......3 Catherine Wolf b: 1846

Related Post:




[1] Wolfe, J. Arthur. Jonas Wolf of Berwick Township, York County, Pennsylvania: A History and Genealogy of a Colonial Ancestor and Some of His Descendants. Privately Published: 1987.
[2] Wolf family papers and charts from Christine Ann (Klessins) Zengler, Wisconsin. Wife of great grandson of Joseph W. Wolf.
[3] Young, Henry James. Genealogical Reports for The Historical Society of York County: Evidences of the Wolf Families of York County before the Year 1850, 1938. From York County Heritage Trust, 250 East Market Street, York, Pennsylvania. Revolutionary Records; Jonas Wolf.
[4] Second Lieutenant Jonas Wolfe, Ancestor #A127487, National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Research Database.
[5] 1886 History of Adams County, Pennsylvania. 1977 Reprint. Chicago: Warner, Beers and Company, 1886.
[6] Pennsylvania Archives; Sixth Series, Volume II, page 540.
[7] Pennsylvania archives; Sixth Series, Volume II, page 565.
[8] Prowell, George R. History of York County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: J. H. Beers & Company, 1907. Print.
[9] Young, Henry James. Genealogical Reports for The Historical Society of York County: Evidences of the Wolf Families of York County before the Year 1850, 1938. From York County Heritage Trust, 250 East Market Street, York, Pennsylvania. Revolutionary Records; Jonas Wolf.
[10] Wolfe, J. Arthur. Jonas Wolf of Berwick Township, York County, Pennsylvania: A History and Genealogy of a Colonial Ancestor and Some of His Descendants. Privately Published: 1987.
[11] Kuhns, Oscar. The German and Swiss Settlements of Colonial Pennsylvania. Reprint. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1979. Original Printing, 1901.
[12] Young, Henry James. Genealogical Reports for the Historical Society of York County, Evidences of the Wolf Families of York County before the year 1950. Volume XX. The Historical Society of  York County, 1938. . Copy of book owned by York County Heritage Trust, 250 East Market Street, York, Pennsylvania.
[13] Miller, Randall M., and William Pencak. Pennsylvania: A History of the Commonwealth. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.
[14] Ibid.
[15] History and Directory of the Boroughs of Gettysburg, Oxford, York springs, Berwick and East Berlin, Adams County, PA with Historical Collections.
[16] Eisenhart, Willis W. A History of Abbottstown. 1953.
[17] Estate Files for Johann Jonas Wolf and Appollona Wolf of Berwick Township, Pennsylvania; Held at the York County Archives, 150 Pleasant Acres Road, York, Pennsylvania.
[18] Estate Files for Johann Jonas Wolf and Appollona Wolf of Berwick Township, Pennsylvania; Held at the York County Archives, 150 Pleasant Acres Road, York, Pennsylvania.

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Surname Christmas Tree


Oh, Christmas Tree!

Here is my surname tree as suggested by Randy Seaver at Gena-Musings. I did not finish in time for Saturday Night Genealogy Fun but, even a day later, it was still fun to do. Visit Randy's blog and then give it a try.

My four grandparents comprise the trunk of my tree. From there things spread out in many directions just as they do in my research.




Tuesday, December 16, 2014

52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks; Week 50; Johannes Ritter, Sr.

This prompt comes from Amy Johnson Crow at her blog, No Story Too Small. I began with my grandparents and am working my way back in time through the generations of my direct ancestors. Now I am writing about my 5x great grandparents.

This post is extracted from my book, The Mark FamilyStory; The Story of the Mark and Other Related Families: Brown, Dick, Gruissy,Heffelfinger, Keck, Ritter & Wolf.



Johannes Ritter, Sr.
17 February 1743 PA – 18 April 1816 PA
My 5x Great Grandfather



Johannes Ritter was the second child of Heinrich and Maria Ritter. He was baptized on 27 February 1743 at St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Red Hill, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.[1] Over the years, Johannes changed the county he lived in, moving further west from Montgomery County where he was born to Lancaster County where he lived during the American Revolutionary War. In 1777 he served in the 4th Battalion of the Lancaster County Militia. Then he went northwest to Northampton County where he was a farmer. Finally Johannes journeyed further west to Snyder County where he was an Inn Keeper. 
          Like many other Germans in Pennsylvania, Johannes was, primarily, a farmer.

The Pennsylvania Germans farmers were good farmers by practically all standards. They were descended through thirty generations of tillers of the soil.[2]
         
 In his book, The Ritter Family, Larry Knox shares many things he has unearthed about our Ritter ancestors. Larry is a fourth great-grandson of Johannes. He wrote,

In 1779, John joined the Lancaster County Militia, possibly because of the offer of a horse, land, more money or even a better uniform. He served with Captain John Rutherford’s Company in their march to Fort Bedford. The march to Fort Bedford gave John a chance to observe the land to the west of Northampton County and he must have taken a liking to it.[3]

For about twenty years, Johannes and Maria Elisabeth (Keck) Ritter raised their eleven children in Salisbury. Our first United States Census, taken in 1790, showed the family in Salisbury Township, Northampton County. At that time the family included one male, 16 years and upwards (Johannes), three males under 16 and four females.[4] That 1790 census counted 257 free white males, 16 years old and up, in Salisbury Township.[5]
The Ritters were members of the Jerusalem Lutheran and Reformed Church in Western Salisbury. Many family baptisms and marriages were celebrated there.[6] The church is older than the town. It was a log structure with a stone floor, hewn logs for pews and no stove. The log building was replaced by a frame building and in 1819 the present limestone building was built. The list of names appearing in the baptismal records prior to 1800 includes Ritter.[7]
Parts of Northampton County later became Lehigh County which can further complicate research into the family’s movements.
In 1795, Johannes scouted out the land in what later became West Beaver Township, Snyder County. Snyder County was the neighboring county to the west of Northampton County. He did not purchase land there until the next year.[8]

Many of the early pioneers from the eastern counties would go up into the mountains for a summer or two searching for available land. If they found land to their liking they would start improvements and when cold weather arrived they would go back to the eastern counties to hunt the owners to get a deed. The next year they would return with additional supplies…[9]

          The distance from their old home in Salisbury Township to their new home on the headwaters of Middle Creek in Beaver was at least 120 miles. Traveling this distance with their clothing, household goods, tools and food was no small accomplishment. The roads were nothing more than paths used by foot or horse. It wasn’t until 1811 that the Centre Turnpike was completed and wagon traffic could regularly travel along. Many early travelers followed the Tulpehocken Trail. This route never developed into a highway because it crossed three mountains. Another route available to the Ritters was the ‘Great Road from Sunbury to Reading’, opened in 1771 and traveled by many pioneers. Whatever route they traveled, the family had to stop about every ten miles. Along the way they needed to hunt or fish and gather wild fruits or berries to supplement any food they carried with them. Deer, bear, squirrel, rabbits, pheasants and turkeys were plentiful. They most likely carried with them: fishnets and fish hooks, a flint lock muzzle loader, an axe, saw, wedge for splitting boards, a chisel, hammer and adz for hewing logs, a cast iron pot, pan and kettle, enough flour and corn meal to last them until they could raise their own grain.[10]
Johannes Ritter, Sr. and Maria Elisabeth (Keck) Ritter were the first pioneer settlers in West Beaver Township.[11] They sold their farm in Salisbury and purchased two adjoining tracts of land, 644 acres, 142 perches of land in the area of Black Oak Ridge.
Larry Knox wrote,

As was the custom in those early days, John built his log house right over the spring. The uncertainty of Indian attacks forced the pioneers to build their house over a spring so they had a source of water if they were barricaded for an extended length of time. Also, the cold water made a great refrigerator.  John’s house was at the north end of his tract of land in a hollow. The foundation stones were still visible in 1972 near Quentin Dresse’s farmhouse.[12]

Johannes and Maria Elizabeth Ritter had to make almost everything their family needed.

This included the house, the furniture, the bed clothing, most of the hand tools, the shoes and clothing they wore and used. It was not until they could produce commodities that were marketable and roads opened up to get these to the eastern markets, could they begin to buy crafted goods and luxuries desired.[13]

Johannes Ritter, Sr. named his home Fallowfield. Larry Knox tells us that this house,

…was situated such that the Mahanoy Trail ran right across it and as the traffic through the valley increased, John must have seen the need to furnish lodging to travelers. His home was opened as an inn and undoubtedly many of the early settlers passing through the Middle Creek Valley spent the night in the safety and comfort of the Ritter home. The Mahanoy Trail was later used as a mail route traveled by stagecoaches and was named Stage Road.[14]

Becoming an inn keeper was not always intentional. Travelers did not have an easy time locating lodgings for a night. They knocked at cabin doors looking for shelter.

As the number and frequency of uninvited guests in wayside cabins grew, the involuntary host found himself becoming innkeeper, especially if he owned a fair-sized cabin or log or stone house. Then, as innkeeper, he acquired in turn a number of other offices. He was the one person who was always paid in cash for service and in consequence became a kind of frontier banker. Letters were left with him for other travelers expected to pass that way; so he became also a kind of postmaster. Travelers brought him the most recent newspapers and wayfarers handed out gossip picked up along the road, and by these means he became a kind of news agent.[15]

In 1802 John and Elizabeth deeded two acres of their land in West Beaver Township for a church to be built there, St. John’s Black Oak Ridge Church. A log church was built on this land. Later John and his wife were buried there.[16]
          Johannes Ritter, Sr. can be found in the 1810 United States Census, still in the town of Beaver. He is shown to be an inn keeper.[17]
          Maria Elisabeth (Keck) Ritter died 2 June 1813. Johannes died on 18 April 1816. Johannes and Maria Elizabeth are buried at St. John’s Black Oak Ridge Cemetery. St. John’s Church was built on land originally owned by Johannes and Elizabeth and sold in 1802.[18] Their tombstones are the oldest in the cemetery. Both stones record they had been married 45 years, had ten children, 5 sons and 5 daughters. The tombstones

…are of native slate or flagstone and are intricately inscribed in classic German on both sides of both stones.[19]




[1] International Genealogical Index at the Family History center. Christening of Johannes Ritter on 27 Feb 1743 in Pennsylvania.
[2] Aurand, A. Monroe. Early Life of the Pennsylvania Germans. Reprint. Forgotten Books, 1945.
[3] Knox, Larry. The Ritter Family . Privately Printed, 1999.
[4] 1790 United States Census, Salisbury Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania. Ritter family.
[5] Schmehl, William L. F. Salisbury: Born the Year the Liberty Bell was Hung and Rung - 1753. 1976.
[6] Neimeyer, Stoudt, Rath, Reinhard, and Kemmerer. History of Jerusalem Lutheran and Reformed Church. Allentown, PA: H. Ray Haas & Company Publishers, 1911.
[7] Schmehl, William L. F. Salisbury: Born the Year the Liberty Bell was Hung and Rung - 1753. 1976.
[8] Wagner, Orren R. "John and Elisabeth Ritter, West Beaver Township Pioneers." Snyder County Historical Society. (1972): 1495 - 1514.
[9] Ibid.
[10] Ibid.
[11] Wagner, Orren R. "John and Elisabeth Ritter, West Beaver Township Pioneers." Snyder County Historical Society. (1972): 1495 - 1514.
[12] Knox, Larry. The Ritter Family . Privately Printed, 1999.
[13] Wagner, Orren R. "John and Elisabeth Ritter, West Beaver Township Pioneers." Snyder County Historical Society. (1972): 1495 - 1514.
[14] Knox, Larry. The Ritter Family . Privately Printed, 1999.
[15] Wright, J. E., and Doris S. Corbett. Pioneer Life in Western Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1940.
[16] Wagner, Orren. "Log Churches and the Rev. John Conrad Walter, Pioneer Preacher and Circuit Rider." Snyder County Historical Society Bulletin. (1972): 47.
[17] 1810 United States Census, Beaver, Northampton County, Pennsylvania. John Ritter Senior family.
[18] Knox, Larry. The Ritter Family . Privately Printed, 1999.
[19] Wagner, Orren R. "John and Elisabeth Ritter, West Beaver Township Pioneers." Snyder County Historical Society. (1972): 1495 - 1509.