Monday, February 8, 2016

Matrilineal Monday: Women in War

What did our great grandmothers do when their husbands
picked up their rifles and
walked off with their neighbors to fight the Civil War? Did they follow their husbands or remain at home? How did those women feed their children? How did they keep the home and the family together until their husbands returned, if they returned?

We have researched our military ancestors to discover their units; their leaders; battles they were a part of; pensions received & other details. But what about the women left behind? The men did the hunting/fishing/farming to sustain the family. The men kept hostile animals away to keep the homestead safe. The men owned the land and brought home money. But the men were gone.

I know I come from many strong independent women who did not hesitate to plow a field, manage a store, gather & can food or get a job. But I wanted to know more about these women who were “left behind”.

Nearby I am fortunate to have Hudson Valley Community College which offers many classes and lectures for the community. I heard a lecture there on this topic. Michael Aikey, the retired director of the New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center in Saratoga Springs, NY, talked about “Women and War”. He talked about women who followed their husbands off to war and those left behind. Listening to his lecture was a wonderful way to spend the morning.

Michael Aikey shared his reading list with those of us who listened to his lecture. I asked his permission to share that list with you readers and he kindly agreed. If you’d like to know what the women in your family did during these harsh time in our history find a book for the correct time period and start reading.

Thanks, Michael!


Women and War: Suggested Reading List

GENERAL
Abrahamson, James L.  The American Home Front: Revolutionary War, Civil War, World War I, World War II; Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1983.
         
Osterud, Nancy.  Bonds of Community: The Lives of Farm Women in Nineteenth-Century New York. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press, 1991.

Ryan, Mary.  Womanhood in America: From Colonial Times to the Present. NY: New Viewpoints, 1975.

REVOLUTIONARY WAR
Berkin, Carol.  Revolutionary Mothers: Women in the Struggle for America’s Independence. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Booth, Sally S.  The Women of ’76. NY: Hastings House, 1973.

Calhoon, Robert M.  The Loyalists in Revolutionary America, 1760-1781. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973.

Flick, Alexander.  Loyalism in New York During the American Revolution. NY: Arno Press, 1969.

Jasanoff, Maya.  Liberty’s Exiles: The Loss of America and the Remaking of the British
Empire. London : Harper Press, 2011.

Norton, Mary Beth, Liberty’s Daughter’s: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750-1800. Glenville, IL : Scott, Foresman & Co., 1980.

Paltsits, Victor H., editor.  Minutes of the Commissioners for Detecting and Defeating Conspiracies in the State of New York. Albany : State of New York, 1909, 3 volumes.

CIVIL WAR
Blanton, DeAnne & Lauren M. Cook.  They Fought Like Demons: Women Soldiers in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State Univ. Press, 2002.

Burgess, Lauren C., editor.  An Uncommon Soldier: The Civil War Letters of Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, alias Private Lyons Wakeman 153rd Regiment, New York State Volunteers. Pasadena, MD : Minerva Center, 1994.

Clinton, Catherine & Nina Silber, editors. Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War. NY: Oxford Univ. Press, 1992.

Giesberg, Judith.  Army at Home: Women and the Civil War on the Northern Home Front. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Harper, Judith.  Women During the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. NY: Routledge, 2004.

Leonard, Elizabeth.  All the Daring of the Soldier: Women of the Civil War Armies. NY: W.W. Norton, 1999.

Massey, Mary.  Bonnet Brigades: American Women and the Civil War. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966. 

Richards, Caroline Cowles.  Village Life in America, 1852-1872. NY: Henry Holt and Co., 1913.

Silber, Nina.  Daughters of the Union: Northern Women Fight the Civil War. Cambridge, MA : Harvard Univ. Press, 2005.

WWI
Brown, Carrie.  Rosie’s Mom: Forgotten Women Workers of the First World War. Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press, 2002.

Gavin, Lettie.  American Women in World War I: They Also Served. Niwot, CO: Univ. Press of Colorado, 1997.

Greenwald, Maurine W.  Women, War and Work: The Impact of World War I on Women Workers in the United States. Ithaca : Cornell Univ. Press, 1990.

WWII
Emert, Phyllis, editor.  World War II: On the Homefront. Carlisle, MA: Discovery Enterprises, (n.d.)

Litoff, Judy & David Smith.  Since You Went Away: World War II Letters from American Women on the Home Front. NY : Oxford Univ. Press, 1991.

Weatherford, Doris.  American Women and World War II. Edison, NJ: Castle Books, 2008.

Michael Aikey; Email: mlaikey@gmail.com


2 comments:

  1. Colleen, thanks for this informative post and for the detailed listing from Mr. Aikey. I know not as many women served in WWII as stayed at home to take work in factories or take care of families, but my aunt was a WAC so I found the book "Citizens of London" by Lynne Olson to be extremely helpful in understanding her experience posted to the military in England.

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    Replies
    1. Marian, I'm sure you are proud of those women from your family. We had a couple women who served as well.
      When I took the class I especially wanted to learn how women in the Revolutionary War & Civil War held everything together while their husbands and brothers were gone. They had to do many things women, at that time, were not expected to do. In fact, many people thought women were incapable of taking charge. These strong were women are also people we should have pride in.

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