Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Following William G Fortenberry in the Census


William G. Fortenberry

20 May 1833 MS – 23 Nov 1920 MS
Son of Calvin Kennington Fortenberry
My 1stcousin, 4x removed

It is very helpful to find someone in several consecutive census reports. The decades roll by. Children can be identified. We see those children increase in number and then decrease as they move out on their own. In 1920 William, age 86, has moved in with his son. 




The U S Census

1870 US Census, MS, Pike; digital image,Ancestry(ancestry.com: accessed July 2018) William Fortenberry.

William                       37 b MS          farmer
Rebecca                       23 b MS
William D. son            7 b MS
Burrell W. son             5 b MS
Murry L. son               2 b MS



1880 US Census, MS, Pike; digital image,Ancestry(ancestry.com: accessed July 2018) William Fortenberry.

William                       46 b MS          laborer
Rebecca J.                    33 b MS
William A. son            17 b MS
Burrell W. son            15 b MS
Marrel L. son               12 b MS
Ginest daughter           9 b MS
Nancy O. daughter      7 b MS
Calvin C. son               4 b MS
Sarah O. daughter       1/12 b MS

1900 US Census, MS, Pike, Tylertown; digital image,Ancestry(ancestry.com: accessed July 2018) William Fortenberry.

William                       b May 1833 MS          farmer; m 1862
Jane                             b Apr 1845 MS            mother of 11/10 living
Chris son                     b Jan 1878 MS
Opelia daughter           b Nov 1880 MS
Narsissa daughter         b Feb 1883 MS
Charley son                  b May 1885 MS
Mary daughter             b June 1888 MS


1910 US Census, MS, Pike, Beat 2; digital image,Ancestry(ancestry.com: accessed July 2018) William Fortenberry.

William                       77 b MS          famer on general farm
Jane                             64 b MS          mother of 10/10 living
Esco     son                   24 b MS          farmer laborer



1920 US Census, MS, Walthall, Beat 3; digital image,Ancestry(ancestry.com: accessed July 2018) Charley E. Fortenberry.

Charley E                     36 b MS
Lula                             32 b MS
Madeedaughter          5 b MS
Joe Glen son                1 b MS
William father             86 b MS
Janie mother                73 b MS

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Obituary: John K. Fortenberry, 1939 MS

John K. Fortenberry
1857 – 1939 MS
Son of: Willis James Fortenberry


Fortenberry Dies at Tylertown

Tylertown, Miss. – John K. Fortenberry, 80 years old, died suddenly while visiting in the home of his nephew. Mr. Fortenberry was a son of the late Rev. Willis Fortenberry, pioneer Baptist minister of this section. He leaves two sons, E. H. Fortenberry of this place and Hayden Fortenberry of Franklinton, La,; three daughters, Mrs. Mack Fortenberry and Mrs. Easley Fortenberry of this place and Mrs. Henry Tolar of Clinton. Funeral services were conducted from the New Zion Baptist Church by the pastor, Rev. J. L. McKay, assisted by Rev. W. R. Cooper, Rev. Mr. Waldrop and Rev. W. M. Bowman. Internment was in the family cemetery.


Source: Fortenberry Dies at Tylertown (McComb, MS: McComb Daily Journal, 10 Jan 1939) 1; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed July 2018.


Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Book: The Federal Road


How did your family travel to their new home? If they were headed southwest in the early 1800s they probably traveled, at least in part, on the Old Federal Road. If you’d like to learn more about its location, construction and difficulties, read this book by Henry DeLeon Southerland and Jerry Elijah Brown.



The Federal Road 
Through Georgia, the Creek Nation and Alabama, 1806-1836



The Federal Road “permitted tens of thousands of people from the Atlantic seaboard to come into the Old Southwest and settle in undeveloped territory…” The old road, which evolved from horse path to post road, to military thoroughfare and main path for pioneers to fertile lands, was once a treacherous road from Georgia to Mississippi. It was vital for communication and transportation but it was dangerous for many reasons, chiefly because it ran through the Creek Nation.

In the early 1800s President Thomas Jefferson wanted to establish lines of communication between Washington, D. C. and New Orleans, which was an important port critical to American commerce. Postmaster General Gideon Granger, ordered a trial run that showed it took 15 days to send a letter along the Natchez Trace to New Orleans. The goal was to shorten that time for express mail.

The process to turn an old horse path into a faster mail route began. In March 1805 Congress passed an act to establish a post road partly in Orleans Territory. In November 1805 a treaty with the Creek Nation included rights for the United States to operate a horse path through their territory.  In 1806 Congress appropriated $6,400 to open a road from the then western boundary of Georgia to New Orleans. “Brush was to cleared to a width of four feet; trees which had fallen across the paths were to be cut away; causeways across the swampy bogs were to be made of logs five feet long; and logs were to be laid across the creeks.” This new route from Washington to New Orleans would be 1,152 miles, 320 miles less than the Natchez Trace route. More money would be required and problems would be many but the road was begun.

Colonel Joseph Wheaton began cutting and clearing in September 1806 but problems soon followed. Swamps and mountains slowed the expected progress. Wheaton fell ill. At times a cleared route had to be abandoned and rerouted. Samuel F. Bloomfield, a post rider, estimated that less than 23 miles could be cleared in a day. The president was not pleased with that slow rate of preparing the road. In 1807 Congress investigated the failure to complete the horse path and the failure to establish dependable mail service. Later that year Postmaster General Granger had instituted express and regular mail between Washington and New Orleans with horses and riders provided by the government. Although some mail traveled along the Federal Road, the Natchez Trace was still widely used. 

Meanwhile, war with Great Britain was a possibility. Military roads were needed. In 1811 General Hampton was directed go begin construction of three wagon roads. One road would connect the Tennessee River to Fort Stoddert; one connecting Fort Stoddert to Colonel Hawkins’ place on the Flint River; and one from Fort Stoddert to Baton Rouge. The roads, built by the U. S. Army, were intended to be sufficient for moving supply wagons, cannons, and men on horse and foot. War followed. Only military travel occurred between 1813-14. Forts were built along the Federal Road. After a peace treaty was signed people who traveled the Federal Road “would become part of a region in transition, exploding with energy and urgency.” Increased travel wore down the roads. Congress allotted money for the repair of the roads: five thousand dollars in 1809 and 1816 and ten thousand dollars in later 1816 and 1818. Swamps were extensive and bridges were decayed beyond repair. 

Maintenance and repairs were dependent on the location of the portion of the road. Within the Mississippi Territory citizens were responsible for that work. All free males between the ages of 16 and 50 could be required to work on at least one road for up to six days a year using their tools. Owners could send slaves in their place. Beginning 1817 Alabama used the same system. 

Increased use of the Federal Road did not make it safer. Poor road conditions and attacks by hostile Creeks were a reality. By the early 1820s wagons and stagecoach travel occurred along the route. Stagecoaches had a usual fee of one dollar for every eight or ten miles. Both freight haulers and families were sometimes attacked. 

Pioneers continued to travel along the Federal Road despite its flaws. Benjamin Harris reported that, between October 1811 and March 1812, 233 vehicles and 3,726 people headed west past his Indian Agency on the Flint River. Settlers streamed along the road inspired by the promise of fertile land. They traveled by foot, wagons or carriages. The influx of settlers expanded the population of Mississippi. New post offices were created to serve the increasing numbers of settlers. 

Alternative travel options and a poor economy led to a decline in the use of the road. Economic issues, including the Panic of 1837, reduced traffic on the road. Travelers preferred steamboats and railroads. “The coming of the railroads ensured the demise of the Federal Road.” Eventually county, state and U. S. highways became more reliable alternatives. 

“Today the Federal Road is a shadowy presence, a wraith that runs beside farm-to-market roads, old U. S. highways, and its latest descendant, the interstate highway system.” 


Source: Southerland, Henry DeLeon and Jerry Elijah Brown. The Federal Road Through Georgia, the Creek Nation and Alabama, 1806-1836 (Tuscaloosa, AL: The University of Alabama Press, 1989).

Sunday, September 9, 2018

Obituary: Ira William Fortenberry, 1945 MS

Ira William Fortenberry
1883 – Feb 1945 MS

Son of Ivan Hollis Fortenberry & Laura Ann Alford
Wife: Mollie Schilling
My 2ndCousin, 2x removed


Photo from Find A Grave
Memorial #22274300


Ira W. Fortenberry Buried Monday at Silver Springs

Progress. Feb. 16 – Funeral services were held Monday at 3 p. m. from the Silver Springs Baptist church for Ira W. Fortenberry, 62, resident of the Silver Springs Community, who passed away at his home Sunday afternoon.

He leaves to mourn his passing his wife, Mrs. Mollie Schilling Fortenberry; two children, Roy Fortenberry, in overseas service, and Herman Fortenberry of Florida; four sisters, Mrs. Murry E. Regan of Magnolia, Mrs. Charles Schilling of Progress, Mrs. John N. Alford of Tylertown, and Mrs. Herbert Lane of Summitt; six brothers, Marvin, Walter, B. L. [Bernard] and R. C. [Robert] Fortenberry of, all of Arkansas, D. W. [Daniel Webster] and C. L. [Charles Ellis?] Fortenberry, both of Jackson, Miss.

Internment in the church cemetery followed the funeral service.



Photo from Find A Grave
Memorial #22274300


[Notes in green are mine.]

Source: Ira W. Fortenberry Buried Monday at Silver Springs (McComb, MS: Enterprise-Journal, 16 Feb 1945) 4; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed July 2018.

Note: I know the sisters are: Leona Eva Fortenberry, Golda Viola Fortenberry, Rosa Fortenberry and Beulah D. Fortenberry. Can anyone match those sisters with the married names? If you can I'd like to hear from you.




Related Posts:





Monday, September 3, 2018

8 Years of Blogging

It is time to celebrate my 8th Anniversary of Blogging. It has been fun but it has also been work. Lots of time and research goes into each blog post. People sometimes ask me why I spend time with genealogy and blogging. This piece that I wrote a couple years ago explains it best.





Suppose You Were the Only One


Suppose you were the only one who knew:
Your father liked to listen to freight trains passing his house when he was a boy.
At night he’d lie his blonde head down & listen to the trains rattling along the tracks 
and he’d count the long line of cars until he became drowsy and dreamed of trains.
Would you tell your son?

Suppose you were the only one who knew:
Your mother was a fearless freckled girl who loved to roller skate.
She lived in New York City and raced along the neighborhood sidewalks
with her long red hair flying as she jumped the cracks and laughed.
Would you tell your daughters?

Suppose you were the only one who knew:
Your tall dark haired grandfather liked to do magic tricks.
He kept shiny coins ready in his vest pocket and a smile on his face,
ready to make those coins appear & disappear and make children laugh.
Would you tell your grandson?

Suppose you were the only one who knew:
Your grandmother had long strawberry blonde hair.
She washed it with rainwater and brushed it one hundred strokes every night
and when she told you your hair was just like hers it made you feel very special.
Would you tell your granddaughter?

Suppose you were the only one who knew:
Your Irish great grandfather loved St. Patrick’s Day. 
He’d throw open all the windows of their New York City apartment
and he’d pound out Irish songs on their piano as he sang along & music floated out to the street.
Would you tell your nieces and nephews?

Suppose you were the only one who knew:
Your great grandparents in Ohio wrote love letters to each other.
She wrote about sewing and stringing popcorn for the tree & he wrote of planting and carpentry,
And love spilled out between the words. 
Would you tell your cousins?

Suppose you were the only one who knew the family stories.
Would you pick up a pen?


Colleen G. Brown Pasquale

Saturday, September 1, 2018

Engaged! Fortenberry - Lovett, 1936 MS


Joe Dale Fortenberry
Son of George W. Fortenberry & Della Pigott
&
Dora Lovett
Daughter of T. C. Lovett



Fortenberry – Lovett

Tylertown. July 16. The announcement of the marriage of Miss Dora Lovett to Joe Dale Fortenberry as solemnized on July 3 in Brookhaven. Miss Lovett is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Lovett Hattiesburg. She is a graduate of State Teachers’ College and for the past two and a half years has done splendid work as home demonstration agent for Walthall county. Mr. Fortenberry is the son of Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Fortenberry of Walthall county and attended Southwest junior college. For the present the couple plan to make their home in Tylertown, where they both have many friends.


Source: Fortenberry - Lovett (Jackson, MS: Clarion-Ledger, 17 July 1936) 3; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed July 2018.

Sunday, August 26, 2018

Obituary: William Jackson Fortenberry, 1928 MS

William Jackson Fortenberry
5 December 1853 MS – 3 March 1928 MS

Son of Burrell T. Fortenberry & Eliza Jane Ellzey
Husband of Canolia A. Simmons



Photograph from Find A Grave
Memorial #40876341


W. J. Fortenberry Died Saturday. Former Pike County Man Buried at Magnolia Monday – End Came at Hospital at Jackson

William J. Fortenberry, a former resident of Smithburg, was buried at Magnolia Monday morning at ten o’clock. His death occurred in a Jackson hospital Saturday afternoon. The Rev. Mr. Lane of McComb, the Rev. Mr. Gunn of Osyka and the Rev. Mr. Davis of Tylertown conducted the services. 

Mr. Fortenberry was a member of the Baptist Church, a devoutly religious man of high ideals and principals. He was at one time a member of the Pike County Board of Supervisors. At the time of his death he was 74 years old.

He is survived by seven sons and four daughters. The sons are: W. [Jimmie Wanzie?] Fortenberry of Jackson, F. E. [Ferman Esco] Fortenberry of Osyka, E. V. [Victor Eurel] Fortenberry of Monticello, Dr. A. J. [Andrew Jackson] Fortenberry of Natchez, S. D. [Burrell Sheldon?] Fortenberry of Atlanta, and C. L. [Charlie Lane] Fortenberry of Monticello [not listed, Henry Glen Fortenberry] The daughters are: Mrs. O. L. Summers of Greenville, Mrs. J. C. Denman of Franklin, La., Mrs. A. M. Doods of Jackson, Miss., and Mrs. Henry Steinbemer of Little Rock, Arkansas.

The body will be sent from the Tom E. Taylor Funeral Home this morning to Magnolia, where funeral and internment will be held at 10 o’clock. Rev. Gunn officiating from the Baptist Church, assisted by Rev. Lane and Rev. Davis.

[Notes in green are mine.]

Source: W. J. Fortenberry Died Saturday (McComb, MS: Semi-Weekly Journal, 7 Mar 1928) 1; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed July 2018.

The Clarion-Ledger of Jackson, MS, 4 March 1928 also lists the sons but includes G. H. Fortenberry of Natchez.

Note: I have theses daughters: Lelia Pauline Fortenberry, Myrtis Jane Elizabeth Fortenberry, Sarah Louise Fortenberry and Mittie Terell Fortenberry.  If you can match those names to the married names above I'd like to hear from you!






Related Posts:




Wednesday, August 22, 2018

Book. Everyday Life in the 1800s

Everyday Life in the 1800s: 
A Guide for Writers, Students & Historians

Marc McCutcheon
OH: Writer’s Digest Books, 2001



Chapter 1. Slang and Everyday Speech
Chapter 2. Getting Around
Chapter 3. Around the House
Chapter 4. Clothing and Fashion
Chapter 5. Occupations
Chapter 6. Money and Coinage
Chapter 7. Health, Medicine and Hygiene
Chapter 8. Food, Drink and Tobacco
Chapter 9. Amusements
Chapter 10. Courtship and Marriage
Chapter 11. Slavery and Black Plantation Culture
Chapter 12. The Civil War
Chapter 13. Out on the Range
Chapter 14. Crime


This is a lively reference book on everyday life in the nineteenth century. The details from this book can add “color, depth and realism to any fiction (or nonfiction) setting”. These details of the lives of our ancestors can certainly bring our family histories to life.

The chapter on Money and Coinage, for example, is very interesting. In the early 1800s the coins in circulation in America included: Russian kopecks, Dutch rix-dollars, French and English coins, silver dollars from Mexico and South America. Both cents and shillings were used. It was a confusing mess until 1857 when the government banned all foreign coins. In rural areas, however, many people spent their lives without ever holding any coins at all. They traded rather than sold items.

Are you familiar with these terms related to nineteenth century money?

Bit                               one-eighth of a dollar
Coppers                      slang for cents
Eagle                           a ten dollar gold piece
Half cent                     a unpopular copper coin issued from 1793-1857
Half dime                   a small silver coin issued from 1800-1805
Medio                         the Spanish half-reale; also known as fip, picayune or six-pence
Pocket full of rocks    having plenty of money
Slug                             a fifty-dollar gold piece, most widely used in CA
Two-cent piece          bronze coin issued 1864-1873; first coin with “In God We Trust”        


I am enjoying reading this book and incorporating many of its details in my writing. You might enjoy it too.

Sunday, August 19, 2018

Obituary: Sarah Fortenberry Smith, 1943 MS

Sarah Fortenberry Smith
4 May 1892 – 6 Dec 1943

Daughter of: Jesse Crawford Fortenberry & Susan A. Ryals
Wife of: Marshall E. Smith
My 2ndcousin, 3x removed



Photograph from Find A Grave
Memorial #93459874


Mrs. Marshall E. Smith Dies. Deceased Was Sister of Mrs. Hobgood, Mrs. McDaniel, and Essley Fortenberry. Sympathy is being extended to Mrs. W. O. Hobgood and Mrs. Lewis O. McDanieland Essley Fortenberry of McComb in the loss of their sister, Mrs. Marshall E. Smith, 51 years of age, who passed away Monday at King’s Daughters’ Hospital at Brookhaven. 

Following services conducted by the Rev. James L. Sullivan, pastor of the First Baptist church of Brookhaven, at 11:30 o’clock Tuesday at the Smith home in Brookhaven the body was taken to Mrs. Smith’s home six miles southeast of Tylertown for internment in the Fortenberry family cemetery. She was the former Sarah Fortenberry.

For several years her husband served as a highway patrolman in this section and is now associated with he OPA as an investigator, working with Jackson and Brookhaven as headquarters. 

Surviving Mrs. Smith are her husband, Marshall E. Smith; a son, Billy Fortenberry Smith, serving overseas with Marine Corps.; three sisters, Mrs. W. O. [Dixie] Hobgood, Mrs. Lewis O. [Nell] McDaniel, McComb; Mrs. Warren E. [Ruby] Woods, Tylertown, and five brothers, John C. Fortenberry, Willis F. Fortenberry, George W. Fortenberry, and Easley Fortenberry, all of Tylertown and Essley Fortenberry, of  McComb. [1900 Census shows two sons named Easley.]

Source: Mrs. Marshall E. Smith Dies (McComb, MS: Enterprise-Journal, 9 Dec 1943) 1; digital image, Newspapers.com: accessed July 2018.

[Notes in green are mine.]